It’s devilishly hard for parents to sort through this avalanche of information to findcredible help for their child! A good strategy is to look for review articles that summarize the current scientific consensus written by credible professionals.
In one such recent study, The Diagnosis and Treatment of Reading and/or Spelling Disorders in Children and Adolescents, the authors systematically searched the literature and databases, presented their findings in a consensus conference and then summarized the results. Although mostly focused on Germany, the literature they reviewed was international. With regard to evaluation and diagnosis, they found:
More and more, clinicians and researchers are basing evaluation and diagnosis of dyslexia on a theoretical model called The Simple View of Reading. The Simple View is that there are two main types of reading and writing problems:
1) Dyslexia (difficulty processing words, including both pronouncing words from print and spelling them)
2) Language Impairment (difficulties when listening to spoken language)
In the Simple View, the reference criterion is not age, grade or IQ. Rather, it’s the ability to understand of spoken language and that is what is compared to reading and spelling skills.
Since in dyslexia the deficits are in reading and spelling but not in understanding spoken language, an examiner diagnosing dyslexia must use procedures that allow a clear comparison of the student’s abilities in these two areas.
Lexercise is here to help!
SCREENING-You can use the free, online Lexercise dyslexia screener to get a better understanding of your child’s reading difficulties.
Galuschka, K., & Schulte-Körne, G. (2016). The Diagnosis and Treatment of Reading and/or Spelling Disorders in Children and Adolescents. Deutsches Ärzteblatt International, 113(16), 279–286. http://doi.org/10.3238/arztebl.2016.0279