Special Education Categories in School

Helpful Tips for Homework Time (6)

If your child has dyslexia, the school system may throw some words at you that have different meanings in different contexts. We want to make sure you are equipped with the best  information before you make decisions that affect your child’s education.

Special education  is the practice of educating students with special educational needs in a way that addresses their individual differences and needs. It is the broadest term that dyslexia falls under. It is also known as special needs education, aided education, vocational education, and limb care authority education.

Common special needs include learning disabilities, communication disorders, emotional and behavioral disorders, physical disabilities, and developmental disabilities. Students with these kinds of special needs are likely to benefit from additional educational services such as different approaches to teaching, the use of technology, a specifically adapted teaching area, or a resource room. 13-14% of all students in public schools in America have qualities that allow for special education.

13-14%Learning disability is the more specific term that dyslexia falls under. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) defines a specific learning disability as “a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in the imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell or do mathematical calculations.” Under the same act, there are 13 additional categories in which a student is eligible to receive the protections and services promised by this law. The 13 categories are as follows: Autism, Deaf-Blindness, Deafness, Emotional Disturbance, Hearing Impairment, Autism, Deaf-Blindness, Deafness, Emotional Disturbance, Hearing Impairment, Intellectual Disability, Multiple Disabilities, Orthopedic Impairment, Other Health Impairments, Specific Learning Disability, Speech or Language Impairment, Traumatic Injury, Visual Impairment.  Fifty percent of all students who are identified as qualifying for special education have a learning disability.

Dyslexia is more common than you may think, with 15-20 percent of the school population showing symptoms. If your child has not been diagnosed but is showing symptoms, take our dyslexia screener here for free.

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Taylor Quinn

Blog & PR Intern

Taylor is a senior studying communication at NC State University. As the Blog and PR intern for lexercise she utilizes her passion for writing to help inform parents of struggling readers, writers and spellers. She feels a connection to Lexercise through her love for children and their well-being.