The International Dyslexia Association and National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) define dyslexia as “a specific learning disability that is neurobiological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities.” In essence, dyslexia is a neurological condition causing difficulty reading, writing and spelling words.
Dysgraphia is another language-literacy disability that can be diagnosed and treated. Dysgraphia is a Greek term that means, literally, difficulty (dys) writing(graph), dysgraphia pertains mainly to writing by hand (as opposed to keyboarding).
Dysgraphia is often related to other problems such as difficulty with spelling and written expression, dyslexia and even oral expression. Since handwriting skills require memory for the movement path for each letter as well as for how letters connect, children with working memory and/or attention deficits can have difficulty mastering handwriting skills. Dyslexia and dysgraphia can overlap because they are both neurological language disorders. In addition, both disorders make it difficult to convert phonemes (sounds) into graphemes (letters in written form). Both language disorders can occur by themselves or in conjunction with other difficulties.
Dyslexia and dysgraphia are often genetic and, while they cannot be “cured” they can both be treated using methods that resonate with the different way dyslexics and dysgraphics learn.
The International Dyslexia Association suggests that “Instruction for individuals with learning differences should be:
Lexercise’s Structured Literacy and Chancery Script curricula follow these guidelines and are used to help dyslexics and dysgraphics meet their academic potential. If you think your child may be dyslexic or dysgraphic and want to get them the right type of help that they need please call us at 1-919-747-4557 or take our free dyslexia screener here.
“Effective Reading Instruction.” International Dyslexia Association. N.p., 31 Oct. 2014. Web. 13 Aug. 2015. <http://eida.org/effective-reading-instruction/>.
Moats, Louisa C. Ed.D, and Karen E. Dakin, M.Ed. “Dyslexia Basics.” International Dyslexia Association. N.p., 15 Dec. 2014. Web. 13 Aug. 2015. <http://eida.org/dyslexia-basics/>.
Marie struggled with reading, writing and spelling as a child and knows the frustrations of finding and receiving language therapy. She has since overcome her childhood struggles and recently graduated Cum Laude from Elon University with a BS/BA in Marketing and Entrepreneurship. Marie is enthusiastic about helping families find convenient, personalized and effective language therapy.