dyslexia symptoms Archives - Lexercise

How to choose an online school for a dyslexic student

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What Should I look for when selecting an online school for my child?

As we move toward the school year, not certain if or for how long school buildings will be open, many parents of students with dyslexia are asking themselves – and Lexercise! – how do we choose an online school or curriculum for our dyslexic child?

Online learning has been around for a while, getting both easier and more sophisticated all the time. In fact, the International Dyslexia Association (IDA) posted their “Parent’s Guide to Online Virtual Schools” in 2014!  But many families have had an opportunity to experience online learning for the first time in the last several months.  More and more parents are asking how they can evaluate virtual schools and virtual schooling. 

We suggest that parents “interview” schools and ask for specific information on the following essential elements of online learning for dyslexic students: 

1. A structured literacy approach

Structured literacy (Orton-Gillingham) is the gold standard in teaching students to read, spell and write. It is not only the most effective method for students who are struggling with reading words and spelling them, but it is also the most effective method for teaching the foundations of literacy to all students. In fact, students with dyslexia may not become proficient readers and writers unless they are taught using a structured literacy approach. A structured literacy approach requires three elements:

  • A structured literacy curriculum

    – A structured literacy curriculum thoroughly covers the concepts related to decoding and spelling words with the goal that the student will read and spell even the most complex words automatically and without excessive struggle. In addition, the word study includes vocabulary and usage. Reading, spelling, and writing are practiced in increasingly challenging text reading and writing assignments. (See this IDA structured literacy infographic.)

  • A qualified structured literacy teacher

    – To be an effective instructor for the dyslexic learner, a teacher/therapist needs special training. The IDA accredits professional development programs that meet IDA Knowledge & Practice Standards. Professional development programs that have earned IDA’s Accreditation-PLUS prepare professionals to work one-on-one with students who have complex language processing difficulties.

  • Adequate structured, daily practice

    – A system of structured, daily practice, available online, is critical to the student’s success and advancement. It allows the student to make measurable progress, offers immediate error correction, and provides the parent and teacher with data about the student’s mastery of specific skills.

2. Access to accommodations and technologies

The dyslexic child may need a variety of accommodations, such as extended time to complete assignments and tests. Parents should consider their child’s unique needs in exploring this subject with potential online schools. For example, a child who has reading and spelling challenges can benefit from the support of audio services that provide reading assignments and tests in audio mode for “ear reading.” For writing assignments, a dyslexic student may benefit from technologies such as speech-to-text and spell- and grammar-checkers that work on the level of the sentence (to flag misspellings such as “there” versus “their”). School-wide use of organizational software, such as planning organizers and a calendar system for assignments can be valuable. 

3. Content subjects 

For content subjects such as mathematics, science, history, literature, and art, ask to see the curricula and review the content. Each curriculum should specify what the student will know and be able to do after completing each unit and at the end of the course. Skills and strategies should be related to mastering specific content as opposed to vague objectives, disconnected from content. (For example:  “The student will summarize the causes of the American Civil War” as opposed to “The student will summarize passages.”)

Ask about how students are placed in the curricula. Is there flexibility for placement at a different level if a child has already mastered the material at a particular grade level or if they need to step back a level in one subject? Or will they be placed at a certain grade level regardless of what they have or haven’t already mastered. 

4. School culture

“School culture” may be a little more abstract than the measurable program elements above, but it may be vitally important for a child’s success. The Harvard Graduate School of Education article “What Makes a Good School Culture?” explains the concept. Parents seeking a supportive environment for their child’s learning should explore the school’s stated policies and goals as well as the school’s reputation and achievements. Does the school really do what it says it will do? Do the school’s values align with family’s values and priorities? How do the school’s virtual classes provide children with the opportunity to discuss their questions and opinions about topics in various subject areas? Does the school teach students a process for investigating questions, engaging in discussion, and encouraging them to respect diverse thoughts and opinions?

5. A learning coach  

IDA’s guide emphasizes the role of the learning coach (LC). Typically a parent, the LC “is an integral partner in the education process. Students look to them to administer lessons and provide immediate corrective feedback on their performance toward the lesson objectives.” In our recent “Closing the Gap” post, we noted that the reading skills of some Lexercise students have actually improved faster since school has been canceled – a success we attribute in part to the consistent involvement of that involved adult/learning coach, who may be a parent, tutor, therapist or teacher. (There is a qualified Lexercise therapist assigned to every Lexercise student.) Parents should ask whether the school assigns a learning coach for their child and whether, how, and how much the parents are expected to participate in the lessons. 

Questions about equipment, hours, communication between parents and teachers, written reports, and IEPs should also be part of the conversation with the online school. When it comes to the education of your child, there are no stupid questions. Parents should look for IDA accreditation on the program’s website and ask for detailed information until they are satisfied with the answers.

And of course, if you have questions or concerns about how your child’s reading, spelling or writing may be impacting your child’s learning, Lexercise is here to help with our online dyslexia therapy.

20 Common Dyslexia Symptoms

20 Common Dyslexia Symptoms

Dyslexia Symptoms and Behaviors of Dyslexic Children

Wondering about the most common dyslexia symptoms? Children can begin to show signs of dyslexia as early as the preschool years. While every person with dyslexia is unique, there are common symptoms that can serve as red flags for dyslexia. We have compiled a list of 20 of the most common symptoms to help you identify if your child is at risk.

Keep in mind that these are symptoms of dyslexia, not causes of dyslexia. For example, while dyslexia is not a vision problem, some dyslexics experience symptoms that seem to be related to vision, like confusing -b- and -d- or skipping words or lines when reading text.  Some of these symptoms relate to stress and how people with dyslexia try to communicate about their struggles.


Common Dyslexia Symptoms

These dyslexia symptoms are listed in no particular order.

  1. Strong listening comprehension and weak reading comprehension

  2. Difficulty reading words, especially in isolation, without a sentence context

  3. Difficulty spelling

  4. Low confidence and/or anxiety connected with reading and writing tasks

  5. Letter and/or number reversals (transposing)

  6. Problems pronouncing certain words

  7. Omitting sounds or letters when reading and writing words

  8. Headaches or other discomfort associated with reading and/or writing

  9. Difficulty with and/or resistance to reading aloud

  10. Easily distracted when reading and writing

  11. Difficulty forming letters (especially lowercase letters) consistently and legibly

  12. Difficulty following sequenced instructions

  13. Guessing, skipping, or replacing words instead of sounding them out

  14. Complaints that letters appear to move, are blurry or are out of focus

  15. Difficulty with organization and time management

  16. Limited awareness of the speech sounds in words

  17. Problems retrieving words

  18. Lowest grades in subjects that require a lot of reading and writing

  19. Reading, spelling and/or writing below grade level

  20. Difficulty with memorization

Is It Dyslexia?

The video below by clinician, Tori Whaley, discusses how some of these symptoms may show up in your child and when intervention is needed:

Getting Help For Your Child with Dyslexia

If you have a child exhibiting any of the symptoms listed above, strongly consider seeking clinical help because children with dyslexia who do not read proficiently by third grade face challenging odds. In fact, research indicates they are four times more likely to drop out of high school. One option is online dyslexia therapy from a program like ours at Lexercise. We guarantee that a child will improve one whole grade level within two months or your third month is free. You can administer a free dyslexia test if you are unsure if your child has dyslexia or other learning disability. You can also request a free consultation with a Lexercise therapist to discuss your concerns.